King of France Robert I Age: 57 years866923

King of France Robert I
birth name
Name prefix
King of France
Given names
Robert I
Birth 866

Religious marriageBeatrice View this family
890 (Age 24 years)

Birth of a son
Duke of the Franks Hugh Count of Paris Capet
898 (Age 32 years)
Death 923 (Age 57 years)


Robert I of France (c. 866 – June 15, 923) was the elected King of West Francia from 922 to 923. Before his election to the throne he was Count of Poitiers, Count of Paris and Marquis of Neustria and Orléans. He succeeded the overthrown Carolingian king Charles the Simple, who in 898 had succeeded Robert's brother, king Odo. Contents

1 Life
2 King
3 Family
4 References


Robert was born in 866 as the posthumous son of Robert the Strong, count of Anjou, and the brother of Odo, who was elected king of West Francia in 888.[1] In time West Francia evolved into the Kingdom of France;[2] and under Odo, the royal capital was fixed in Paris. Robert and Odo came from the Robertian dynasty out of which the Capetian dynasty grew.[3]

In 885 Robert participated in the defence of Paris during the Viking siege of Paris.[4] He was appointed by Odo as the ruler of several counties, including the county of Paris, and abbot in commendam of many abbeys. Robert also secured the office of Dux Francorum, a military dignity of high importance.

He did not claim the crown of West Francia when his brother died in 898; instead recognizing the supremacy of the Carolingian king, Charles the Simple. Charles then confirmed Robert in his offices and possessions, after which he continued to defend northern Francia from the attacks of Vikings. Robert defeated a large band of Vikings in the Loire Valley in 921, after which the defeated invaders converted to Christianity and settled near Nantes.[5] King

The peace between King Charles the Simple and his powerful vassal was not seriously disturbed until about 921 when Charles' favoritism towards Hagano aroused rebellion. Supported by many of the clergy and by some of the most powerful of the Frankish nobles, Robert took up arms, drove Charles into Lotharingia, and was himself crowned king of the Franks (rex Francorum) at Rheims on 29 June 922.[6]

Robert's rule was contested by the Viking leader Rollo, who had settled in the Duchy of Normandy in 911 with the permission of Charles the Simple. During Robert's reign, Rollo remained loyal to Charles, who continued to contest his deposition.[5] Gathering an army, Charles marched against Robert, and on 15 June 923 at the Battle of Soissons Robert was killed. However, his army won the battle and Charles was captured.[7] Charles remained a captive until his death in 929. Robert was succeeded as king by his son-in-law Rudolph, Count of Burgundy, also known as Raoul.[8] Family

Robert's first wife was Aelis.[9] By her, he had:

daughter, name uncertain (often called Adela), married Herbert II of Vermandois[10][11]
Emma of France (894–935), married to Rudolph, Duke of Burgundy[10] (else daughter of Robert by second wife)

Robert married for the second time c. 890 to Béatrice of Vermandois, daughter of Herbert I of Vermandois.[1] Together they had:

Hugh the Great, (898–956) who was later dux Francorum.[1] Hugh was the father of the future Hugh Capet, King of the Franks.[12]